Hand Hygiene Technique

Hand hygiene is vital in stopping the transmission of Covid-19 and other micro-organisms.

Key points with hand hygiene

  • The entire set of actions should not take less than 20 seconds.
  • ‘Bare Below Elbows’.
  • Long sleeves, if worn, should be rolled or pushed up to the elbows.
  • Finger nails should be short and clean, no nail varnish/gels, false acrylic nails, nail extensions or nail jewellery
  • Watches, stoned rings, fit bits/bracelets should be removed

Click here for the NHS video on how to wash hands
Click here for the HCPA hand hygiene video


Remember your 5 moments for Hand Hygiene


1) Before resident contact When? Wash hands before touching the person you support when approaching him/her.
Why? To protect the person you support against harmful germs.
2) Before a clean/Aseptic procedure When? Wash hands immediately before any clean/aseptic procedures.
Why? Protects the person you support against harmful germs including resident’s own, from entering the body.
3) After bodily fluid exposure risk When? Wash hands immediately after exposure risk to bodily fluids (and after glove removal).
Why? Protects yourself and environment from harmful germs.
4) After resident contact When? Wash hands after touching a person you support and their immediate surroundings, when leaving their side.
Why? To protect yourself and environment from harmful germs.
5) After contact with resident surroundings When? Wash hands after touching objects/furniture in the person you support immediate surroundings on leaving – even without touching the person.
Why? Protects yourself and the environment from harmful germs.



Using Alcohol Hand Gel

  • Hand gel is useful when in a hurry.
  • Hand gel should not be used on soiled hands.
  • When using hand gel, the same movements need to be followed as with hand washing.
  • The duration needs to be 20-30 seconds.
  • Handwashing with good technique is just as good as using hand gel – you do not need to do both
Skip to content